Kenyan-born British artist Michael Armitage to design new £1 coin

CHANCELLOR Rishi Sunak has named Kenyan-born British artist Michael Armitage as the designer of a new £1 coin which will enter circulation in 2023, marking the 40th anniversary of the modern £1 coin.

The new £1 coin design will be minted at The Royal Mint, who will also release a special collector’s edition to coincide with the launch in early 2023. The new design will celebrate the culture, creativity, heritage and history of the UK in the 21st century.

It is the first change to the £1 since 2017, when a new 12 sided coin replaced the former ‘round pound’ and introduced a range of anti-counterfeit features. The new £1 design will retain these safety measures and feature the fifth effigy of Her Majesty the Queen on the obverse.

The son of a Yorkshireman and Kikuyu mother, Michael Armitage was born in Nairobi, Kenya in 1984 and now lives works between London and Nairobi. He trained at the Slade School of Fine Art, London and the Royal Academy Schools. In January 2022, the Royal Academy of Arts, London, elected him a Royal Academician in the category of painting.

Speaking at the official opening of the RCA’s Rausing Research and Innovation Centre, Chancellor Rishi Sunak said: “I am delighted that Michael will lend his vision to the creation of this new £1 coin design in its 40th anniversary year. This coin will symbolise the rich tapestry of modern Britain and honour our deep heritage and history.”

Coin artist Michael Armitage said: “It is a great privilege to have the opportunity to collaborate with The Royal Mint on the design of the new £1 coin. It is an honour to be part of the lineage of coin-making in the United Kingdom and I am grateful to the Chancellor and the selection panel for the opportunity to contribute to this history in considering what it is to be part of Great Britain today.”

Chief Executive of the Royal Mint, Anne Jessopp said: “The £1 coin is a symbol of Britain that is recognised around the world. As such we are delighted to work with Michael Armitage to create a new design that celebrates the people of Britain and our diverse culture. It is the first new £1 design since 2017 and will combine our 1,100 years of craftsmanship, with cutting edge design to champion modern Britain.”

Michael Armitage was chosen by an independent panel with expertise in coin design and art. The panel was established to advise the Chancellor on the artistic merits and ideas behind proposals put forward by selected candidates.

Further information on the history and previous designs of the £1 can be found here: £1 Coin | The Royal Mint.

Largest coin in The Royal Mint’s history passes Trial of the Pyx

May 6, Goldsmiths’ Hall, City of London: Today at Goldsmiths’ Hall in London, the Queen’s Remembrancer, Senior Master Barbara Fontaine, pronounced the verdict on the 7,968 coins submitted at the Trial of the Pyx in January, including the 10Kg “Queens’ Beasts” gold proof – the largest coin ever created by the Royal Mint.

Along with this one-of-a-kind masterwork, created using a combination of traditional skills and innovative technology, 2,700 pieces of the nation’s currency and a further 5,267 commemorative coins were submitted, tested and passed for quality and accuracy in one of the nation’s longest-established judicial ceremonies, dating back to the 12th Century.

Today’s verdict marks the end of a three-stage process, which started in January, when a jury of goldsmiths carefully counted and weighed a selection of new coins (legal tender and commemorative coins) taken at random from the Royal Mint’s 2021 production line. After adjourning for three months to allow the Goldsmiths’ Company Assay Office time to thoroughly test the coins, the Queen’s Remembrancer then delivers the verdict at Goldsmiths’ Hall, where both the Trial and the Verdict have taken place annually since 1871.

The Trial fulfils a legal requirement imposed by an Act of Parliament (Coinage Act 1971) to conduct an examination by jury to ascertain that the coins of the realm, produced by the Royal Mint, are of the correct weight, size, and composition.

Prime Warden of the Goldsmiths’ Company, Dame Lynne Brindley, commenting on the verdict today said: “Today’s verdict is important for the future of coins: both the everyday pieces found in the nation’s pockets and purses, and the beautiful commemorative pieces that have found renewed popularity with both collectors and investors. It shows an enduring commitment from the Royal Mint to uphold the highest standards of quality and provides an assurance that the Goldsmiths’ Company continues to protect consumers by assessing and testing the nation’s coinage with the same vigour today as it has done for almost 700 years.”

Anne Jessopp, Chief Executive of The Royal Mint said: “As Britain’s oldest company, we have an incredible 1,100-year heritage which includes the ancient Trial of the Pyx ceremony. As our business continues to evolve, the coins we submit vary in size, metal, and design but they all remain of the highest standard of British craftsmanship. We are delighted to have that standard affirmed through today’s verdict.”

The Trial of the Pyx today

  • The purpose of the annual Trial is to check that UK coins produced at The Royal Mint are within the statutory limits for metallic composition, weight, and size.
  • Officials from The Royal Mint bring chests (Pyx) to Goldsmiths’ Hall, hence the name ‘Trial of the Pyx’
  • These coins represent one coin from every batch of each denomination minted.
  • During the opening proceedings, the coins are counted and weighed, and a selection are put aside for testing by the Goldsmiths’ Company Assay Office.
  • The Goldsmiths’ Company Assay Office has three months to test the coins.
  • The benchmark against which the coins are tested is called a Trial Plate.
  • The trial jury, which must consist of at least six members of the Goldsmiths’ Company, is a formal court of law, summoned to Goldsmiths’ Hall by the Queen’s Remembrancer, the oldest judicial post in England and Wales.

History of the Trial of the Pyx

  • Origins of the Trial of the Pyx go back as far as circa 1180, when some form of trial may have been ordered by Henry II who instigated various control initiatives.
  • The first record of a public trial dates from 1248. Twelve citizens of London and twelve goldsmiths of the City were selected to examine the money.
  • In 1279, Edward I published an ordinance called ‘The Form of the New Money’ which described how a sample of the work produced each day at the mint in the Tower of London should be placed in a box, or ‘Pyx’.
  • Up until the reign of Elizabeth I the juries of the Trial of the Pyx were composed of a mixture of goldsmiths and other citizens of the City of London. Elizabeth I gave the Goldsmiths’ Company full responsibility for the Trial in 1580, and all jurors were nominated from its members from then on.
  • 1707 also saw the production of new trial plates following the Act of Union between England and Scotland, to bring the Edinburgh Mint into line with the Tower of London
  • Although previous Trials had occasionally been held at Goldsmiths’ Hall, it became the permanent venue by law after the Coinage Act of 1870.
  • The first Trial in Goldsmiths’ Hall, as the permanent venue, was held in 1871 and it has been held there every year since.
  • The Master of the Mint – a role held by the Chancellor today – went to prison for six weeks in 1318 after poor tests.

More information on the Trial can be found here.

The Royal Mint launches new City Views London coin

The Royal Mint has released a new City Views London collection of gold and silver coins with a design which features the iconic Tower of London, the ancestral home of the original maker of UK coins.

The coin is the first of new City Views series which celebrates iconic urban landmarks on official UK coin. Based on a long-held numismatic tradition, artists have skilfully rendered intricate details of civic buildings and sprawling suburbs for hundreds of years. Featuring views of landmarks that characterise the world’s greatest cities, they serve as an historical record for future generations.

The inaugural release celebrates the architectural beauty of the London skyline, with the imposing stone fortress built by William the Conqueror at the heart of the reverse design. Inspired by a panoramic scene by the Bohemian artist Wenceslaus Hollar (1607–77), the breath-taking horizon has been skilfully remastered by designers at The Royal Mint. The intricate detail of the original illustrations is achieved combining traditional craftsmanship and innovative laser cutting technology.

The commemorative City Views London coins are available in 1kg, 5 oz, 2oz and 1oz gold and silver, with limited mintages, at The Royal Mint.

Clare Maclennan, Director of Commemorative Coin at The Royal Mint, said:

“The first of our new City Views collection celebrates the beautiful London skyline with an iconic design which also features The Tower of London, The Royal Mint’s original home. Combining unique craftsmanship and innovative laser cutting technology, the intricate City Views coin designs are as breath-taking as the views themselves and, based on numismatic tradition, are expected to be popular with architectural coin collectors all over the world.”

Estimated $8million worth of rare coins offered to collectors in upcoming international auction

An estimated $8million worth of rare and beautiful coins have been revealed for an upcoming auction held by The Royal Mint, the original maker of UK coins, and Taisei Coins, Japan’s largest numismatic firm. The numismatic giants have joined forces to offer the global coin collecting community the opportunity to bid on the impressive range in the upcoming international auction, taking place at the Tokyo International Coin Convention 2022.

The Royal Mint and Taisei Coins have now opened online registration for the auction allowing potential bidders the opportunity to browse the full catalogue ahead of the live auction to be held in Tokyo on 29th April. Of the 800 plus lots on offer, three particularly rare items that will feature in the auction include a Japanese rare Oban, a Henry VII (1485-1509), fine gold Sovereign of Twenty Shillings, and a 1817 Three Graces Crown.

Rebecca Morgan, Director of Collector Services at The Royal Mint, comments “We announced the partnership and auction with Taisei Coins last September and we are delighted to finally reveal the full catalogue of coins that will be on offer. Bringing together the best of rare British, Japanese and international coins, we feel this is the pinnacle of coin auctions and we’re delighted to partner with Taisei Coins on this.

“As The Royal Mint expands globally, partnerships such as this allow us the opportunity to reach new customers as we strive towards numismatic excellence in every part of our business.”

Masahiro Oka, President of Taisei Coins, comments: “Taisei Coins’ relationship with The Royal Mint has lasted for over 50 years and this joint auction is a testament to the mutual trust. We want to thank The Royal Mint and the Japan Numismatic Dealers Association, the organizer of TICC, for the permission and effort to make this possible.

“I think this joint auction has a particularly special meaning since it will be the first time for TICC to be held in two years. Taisei and JNDA acknowledges the significance of this joint auction and is making the necessary arrangements to make it a memorable event like exhibitions centered around The Royal Mint in 2022.”

Taking place on 29th April 2022 at Royal Park Hotel, Tokyo, people wishing to register their interest, or bid online, can now do so on The Royal Mint’s website.

To view the catalogue or to register for the auction, visit Taisei Auction (taiseicoins.com)

The Royal Mint unveils new Eeyore 50p as part of the Winnie the Pooh and Friends coin collection, inspired by Disney

The Royal Mint, inspired by Disney, has launched the latest 50p coin in the much-loved Winnie the Pooh and Friends coin collection, featuring Eeyore on an official UK 50p coin.

Also joining the adventure in 2022 are Kanga and Roo and a final gathering of Pooh and his closest friends from Hundred Acre Wood represented on a 50p, concluding the popular nine-coin collection.

In collaboration with Disney, the childhood character coin designs have been inspired by the original illustrations of E. H. Shepard from A. A. Milne’s Winnie-the-Pooh stories published in 1926.

Combining traditional craftsmanship and innovation, the classic watercolour effect of the original 1926 manuscript has been remastered with colour printing across the special-edition silver and BU coins.

The new characters follow Winnie the Pooh, Owl, Tigger, Christopher Robin and Piglet, who have each been miniaturised on a 50p since the Winnie the Pooh and Friends coins first launched in 2020.

Designed by The Royal Mint designer Daniel Thorne, the timeless characters have been brought to life in miniature on a gold, silver colour edition and brilliant uncirculated, also available with colour printing.

Adding an original twist, Thorne’s signature bee motif continues to feature alongside the classic design across the 2022 coins, as well as the entire Winnie the Pooh and Friends range.

The latest Eeyore design is available individually from today at The Royal Mint website. Collectors can also sign up to purchase the three 2022 Winnie the Pooh and Friends coins or the nine-coin collection.

Clare Maclennan, Director of Commemorative Coin at The Royal Mint, said: “The Winnie the Pooh and Friends collection, inspired by Disney, has proved popular with coin collectors of all ages, and continues to appeal to new and younger collectors wanting to celebrate their favourite characters with a collectable 50p. In the latest instalment of the timeless Winnie the Pooh range, we are delighted to reveal that Eeyore will be joining the fun in 2022.

“Inspired by the original illustrations from the classic A. A. Milne Winnie-the-Pooh publication, the new Eeyore design showcases the creativity, craftsmanship and innovation of The Royal Mint’s design team – with the added charm of the special-colour-edition coins, which capture the original watercolour illustrations of E. H. Shepard, in a fitting tribute to the much-loved adventures.”

Speaking of the design, The Royal Mint’s designer Dan Thorne said: “Using inspiration from the original decorations of E.H. Shepard has been a fantastic experience but one that has also tested me as a designer. With each design, so much care and attention has been given to remastering the iconic decorations for the canvas of a coin while staying true to the texts people know and love.

“I also wanted to add something extra special for collectors, with the bee motif. Inspired by the original decorations the buzzy bee from the storybooks features on each of the nine coins in the collection. I hope collectors can appreciate the beauty in each design in the range and enjoy the special colour editions.”

The Royal Mint reveal second remastered design in popular British Monarch coin series

James I – the Scottish king James VIThe Royal Mint has today revealed the second coin in the British Monarchs series with a design dedicated to James I – the Scottish king James VI who succeeded Elizabeth I to become king of England.

The British Monarchs range will feature 21 coins over five years and will span four Royal Houses – Tudor; Stuart; Hanover; Saxe-Coburg, Gotha, and Windsor – remastering iconic designs in high definition for the first time thanks to the latest technology and minting techniques. The reverse of the latest coin features a coinage portrait of James I from circa 1604-1619, while the obverse features Jody Clark’s definitive portrait of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II.

The seventeenth-century monarch appears on this new coin in the same classic design that would have featured on the coins of the Jacobean era. Whilst the design first appeared on British coinage more than 400 years ago, this coinage portrait has been faithfully recreated as close to the original as possible using state-of-the-art technology.

Much like Tudor coinage, fishtailing is a common defect on Stuart coins, where you get a slight distortion at the bottom of letters created by the pressure of a die on the metal which in turn causes an outward flow. Also characteristic of this period is flatter surface area on the blanks which allow for a more polished finish and showcase and improvement in minting technologies compared to the hammered coins of the earlier period. These characteristics have been faithfully recreated in the new James I portrait design.

Rebecca Morgan, Director of Collector Services at The Royal Mint said: “There is strong appeal for collectors with this coin series. There are very few high-quality examples of coinage from the Stuart period, and they are coveted by collectors for their iconic design and rarity and the effigies have been faithfully recreated in fine detail using state-of-the-art technology and numismatic processes. People love to collect the coins of different monarchs, and this series gives the chance for collectors to add key monarchs to complete their collections.”

The Stuarts were the first kings of the United Kingdom. King James VI of Scotland also became King James I of England, thus combining the two thrones for the first time. The Stuart dynasty reigned in England and Scotland from 1603 to 1714, a period which saw a flourishing Court culture but also much upheaval and instability, of plague, fire and war.

Speaking about the design, Gordon Summers, Chief Engraver at The Royal Mint said: “As you move out of the Tudor period, we start getting coins struck in collars, so they were perfectly round. As a result, there is a marked difference between the quality of Tudor coins and Stuart coins. However, there is still fishtailing on Stuart coins, where you get a slight curve at the bottom of the letter. They would have tried their best at the time, but it wouldn’t have been perfect, so we’ve made a conscious effort to reproduce the coins in this manner.”

The first coin in the collection launched in January and featured Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty, who reigned from 1485 to 1509. The first coin of the series sold out within hours demonstrating how popular historic monarchs are with collectors.

Rebecca Morgan added: “The remastered James I coin has been produced to the highest modern striking standards but retains features which honour its unique history. In an advancement from the hammered coins of the Tudor period, the coinage of the Stuart era reflects improvements in portrait engraving and the use of master punches to repeat portraits on individual dies. The table surface of the coin is flatter which allows for a polished finish which is reflected in the new coin.”

In addition to these individual coins, The Royal Mint will also be releasing a limited number of sets combining new and historic coins. These limited-edition sets will feature a British Monarchs coin alongside a genuine historical coin from the era of that respective monarch.

To find out more about the British Monarchs series and hear from numismatic experts at The Royal Mint, you can view the ‘British Monarchs – History in the Remaking’ webinar here. For more information about the James I 2022 coins please visit The Royal Mint website.

The Royal Mint issues new Britannia coin on International Women’s Day – celebrating women of all ages

To celebrate International Women’s Day, The Royal Mint has unveiled a new depiction of Britannia, one of Britain’s oldest and most enduring feminine icons, on a collectable UK coin.

The new design is inspired by Gustav Klimt’s classic 1905 painting ‘The Three ages of Woman’ and features Britannia moving from girlhood to maturity. It is the first time that Britannia has appeared three times on one UK coin, and champions women of all ages as equal. It was created by Italian artist and sculptor, Sandra Deiana and updates a classic theme for modern collectors.

A second design also features in the Britannia range, capturing Britannia’s time-honoured and classical look. Made with pioneering laser technology to incorporate intricate details, this second unique design retains Britannia’s classical appeal, while displaying a modern vision and was developed by Daniel Thorne from The Royal Mint’s Product Design team.

Britannia first appeared on UK coins around 2,000 years ago under the rule of Emperor Hadrian. The Romans depicted Britain as a strong female – a symbol that has endured and continues to grace the nation’s coins today on the circulating £2 and commemorative designs.

The Royal Mint has a strong commitment to gender equality, and in 2018 appointed Anne Jessopp as the first female Chief Executive in its 1,100 year history. It has 50-50 representation on its Executive Board, and is one of a number of companies in the UK to have a gender pay gap which is marginally in favour of women.

Britannia remains one of The Royal Mint’s flagship coin ranges, with new designs released each year for collectors. Last year the collection featured the first depiction of Britannia as a woman of colour on a UK coin as part of commitment to reflecting and celebrating Britain’s diversity.

Claire Maclennan, Director of Commemorative Coin at The Royal said: “Britannia has graced Britain’s coins since Roman times, and is one of the most enduring female icons of our nation. On International Women’s Day we are delighted to unveil an original new design which champions women of all ages as equal. This beautiful new design reflects The Royal Mint’s own commitment to diversity and equality, ensuring women can prosper in all areas of our business and see themselves on the nation’s coins.”

Sandra Deiana, Designer of the Britannia 2022 commemorative coin, said: “I particularly love the Britannia theme – it is the most difficult concept I have faced so far and I will always remain connected to it. No one had harmonised three female representations together. I had to find a way to represent the Britannia icon in three different eras, through the three ages of woman.”

The Royal Mint’s 2022 Britannia collection is available in gold Proof, silver Proof and silver Brilliant Uncirculated editions from The Royal Mint’s website: www.royalmint.com/britannia.

We’ll mint again! The Royal Mint honours Dame Vera Lynn on £2 coin

The Royal Mint has launched a commemorative £2 coin celebrating Dame Vera Lynn’s legendary life and career.

Dame Vera Lynn’s iconic renditions of classic songs such as ‘We’ll Meet Again’ earned her eternal residency within the hearts of many.

The reverse design of the £2 coin features a beautifully detailed portrait of Dame Vera as she appeared during the height of her fame, accompanied by her name and the dates denoting the years of her life. In reference to what was arguably her most famous release, the coin features an edge inscription that reads ‘WE’LL MEET AGAIN’.

Synonymous with Dame Vera, the wartime classic was a wireless staple during the Second World War that resonated with the countless soldiers who had left their families behind. After the war, Dame Vera stayed important through decades of musical change, continuing to record, perform and win new fans even in her eighties and nineties. On 18 June 2020, Dame Vera sadly passed away but her legacy as a dedicated humanitarian and a true icon of British music will live on forever, much like the timeless songs she sang.

The coin, designed by The Royal Mint’s in-house designers, was originally unveiled in the 2022 Annual Sets, a five-coin collection celebrating milestone events and anniversaries of the year on official UK coin. The design was brought to life with the expertise and innovation techniques gathered across the 1,100-year history of The Royal Mint, in collaboration with Dame Vera Lynn’s family.

Dame Vera Lynn’s Daughter, Virginia Lewis-Jones said: “It’s fantastic to see my mother celebrated in this way and to ensure her legacy lives on. We’re just so excited and pleased – even more so knowing that Royal Mint coins require approval of Her Majesty the Queen! I’m especially pleased that this coin is available to international collectors. Over the years I’ve always been touched by the sacks of letters we receive from people all over the world who have been moved in some way by my mother’s music, charity work or morale-boosting performances during the war. It wonderful to think that wherever you are, you can own this coin and remember Dame Vera.”

Clare Maclennan, Director of Commemorative Coin at The Royal Mint said: “Fondly known as the ‘Forces’ Sweetheart’, Dame Vera Lynn’s songs were crucial in maintaining morale during the Second World War and it is an honour to celebrate her legacy on a £2 coin. The collectable £2 is The Royal Mint’s latest tribute to one of Britain’s greatest national treasures. We are delighted to have worked with Dame Vera’s family to help this coin come to life.”

The coin will not enter circulation, but collectors can purchase the coins at The Royal Mint website in gold, silver, silver piedfort and brilliant uncirculated, developed with support of Dame Vera Lynn’s Family. For more information, please visit The Royal Mint.

The Royal Mint Museum announces medal design competition

To mark the Platinum Jubilee of Her Majesty The Queen, the Royal Mint Museum has announced a medal design competition for students and recent graduates. Entrants are asked to design a medal inspired by Her Majesty The Queen and the changes that have occurred during her remarkable reign. Entrants are given a free hand to explore any topic or theme relating to the subject, but inspiration and resources are available on the Museum’s website: https://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/platinum-jubilee/medal-competition/.

The competition is open to all undergraduate students and recent graduates whose course ended in the last two years.

Royal Mint Museum Director, Dr Kevin Clancy said “We are very pleased to announce this year’s medal design competition to celebrate this momentous occasion. We are excited about seeing the creative ways entrants interpret the Platinum Jubilee design brief and look forward to producing a medal worthy of such an incredible milestone in the life of the nation and of The Queen herself.”

Further information, inspiration, the medal design brief and Terms and Conditions can be found on the Museum’s website: https://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/platinum-jubilee/medal-competition/.

Closing date for entries to the competition is Friday 18 March 2022. Submissions can be made digitally via email: medalcompetition@royalmintmuseum.org.uk or posted to the Royal Mint Museum.

The Royal Mint Museum is a registered charity, and an accredited museum, which is based on The Royal Mint site in Llantrisant, South Wales. Established in 1816, The Museum has one of the finest collections of coins and related numismatic material in the world. A range of videos and education materials relating to the Platinum Jubilee is available at: www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk.

The Lion of England roars its way into The Royal Mint’s Royal Tudor Beasts collectable and bullion coin range

The Royal Tudor Beasts The Lion of England 2022 UK £5 Brilliant Uncirculated Coin pack

The Royal Mint, the original maker of UK coins, in collaboration with Historic Royal Palaces, has today unveiled the Lion of England as the next coin in its collectable and bullion range celebrating The Royal Tudor Beasts. The collection was first unveiled at Hampton Court Palace in October last year – where the original Royal Beasts still welcome visitors today.

The next coin in The Royal Mint’s Royal Tudor Beasts Collection features the Lion of England. As one of the oldest and most iconic royal beasts in heraldry, Henry VIII chose the fierce lion to represent pride, courage and strength. Released over five years, The Royal Tudor Beasts collection allows customers to build their very own collection celebrating the ten Royal Beasts chosen by King Henry VIII to line the Moat Bridge of Hampton Court Palace.

Andrew Dickey, Divisional Director of Precious Metals at The Royal Mint said: “The introduction of the Royal Tudor Beasts onto bullion coins is an exciting moment for us at The Royal Mint. Featuring impressive designs, each bullion coin provides investors across the world with an opportunity to invest in gold, silver or platinum, while also being able to admire the skill, design and craftsmanship of each coin. Bullion coins are renowned for their value, tradability and liquidity and we are delighted to also be able to offer an aesthetic value to someone investing in our precious metals.”

Clare Maclennan, Divisional Director of Commemorative Coin at The Royal Mint said: “We are delighted to launch the Lion of England as the second coin in our collectable coin range celebrating The Royal Tudor Beasts. Developed in collaboration with Historic Royal Palaces, these coins are already becoming a modern classic, inspired by the history of Hampton Court Palace.”

Emma Saunders, Senior Licensing Manager at Historic Royal Palaces commented: “We are thrilled to launch the next commemorative coin within the Royal Tudor Beasts Collection, as well as introduce bullion coins to the series. The Lion of England is recognised worldwide as one of the most majestic of all the Royal Beasts and in this Jubilee year, it is the perfect way to commemorate this historic moment”.

Designed by artist David Lawrence, each coin design, including the Lion of England, is a unique balance of the naturalistic elements of the creatures with a stylised, heraldic depiction incorporated into the design.

2022 Bullion Royal Tudor Beasts Lion of England Silver 2oz Coin stack

Historically known as the ‘king of the beasts’, the Lion of England is one of the oldest and most iconic beasts in heraldic art and is a traditional symbol of bravery, strength and valour. Used on the shield of England for as long as one has existed, the lion first appeared in heraldry in the twelfth century. Chosen to represent pride and courage, the Lion of England on the Moat Bridge at Hampton Court Palace held a shield bearing the impaled – or combined – arms of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, symbolising the strength of the couple’s union.

Visit www.royalmint.com/tudorbeasts to view the full collection of collectable and bullion coins available.

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